Monday, March 19, 2018
Xenology - An Introduction to the Scientific Study of Extraterrestrial Life, Intelligence, and Civilization

Xenology ♦ Notes
© 1979 Robert A. Freitas Jr. All Rights Reserved

  Appendix A ♦ What To Do If You Encounter Alien Beings or Their Craft   
In General

  • Remain calm and objective. Quiet others around you who are hysterical. Your observations will be more credible if you do not panic.
  • If alone, try to get witnesses, the more the better.

Flying Objects

  • If in car, pull over and get out as soon as you can safely do so, to eliminate possible reflections.
  • Consider possible alternative explanations, such as normal aircraft, balloons, satellites, etc.
  • Make careful note of exact time and place of sighting (when object appeared, when vanished). Note street or highway, weather conditions (cloudy, misty, rainy), normal celestial objects (sun, moon, planets, stars).
  • Estimate position of object relative to yourself by sighting on fixed ground objects (height over trees, houses, mountains). Mark own position carefully (kick furrow in grass, gravel, or dirt, drop coin or pen on ground, etc.).
  • Estimate size of object (measure with something held at arm’s length, such as coins, pens, hand).
  • Estimate velocity of object
    • time of flight between two fixed ground points (treetops, telephone poles, mountain peaks, tree and house, buildings, etc.) or against stars/celestial constellations.
  • Use binoculars to check for exterior details.
  • If you have a camera, take pictures.
    • Don’t forget to remove lens cap and wind film.
    • Don’t hurry or shake on first shot, take time to get it right (exposure time, clear focus).
    • Get normal object in photo if possible (car, tree, mountain) for size comparisons.
    • If possible, primary photo should include effects on immediate environment (unusual shadows, dust whirls, exhaust plumes, etc.).
    • After the primary shot, concentrate on taking as many different angles and details as possible, using wide variety of camera settings (f-stops, exposure times, other lenses).
    • If you have polarizing filter, use it.
  • If you have access to any other equipment (pocket spectroscope, tape recorder, motion picture camera, Questar telescope, prism, Geiger counter, pocket rangefinder, compass, shortwave receiver, stopwatch, Fresnel lenses, diffraction grating, infrared Sniperscope, directional antenna, colored filters for lenses), use it!
  • Never stand directly beneath an alien craft hovering at low altitude. Never touch a landed craft.
  • If object appears to be landing, get away quickly and notify authorities (police, military, etc.).
Contact with Extraterrestrial Beings

  • Presumption of Purposive Neutrality
  • There are only four possible reasons why the ETs are here:
    • Accidental landing (engine failure, repairs)
    • Purposive landing, with:
      • Neutral purpose (reconnaissance mission)
      • Friendly purpose (initiate contact)
      • Hostile purpose (invasion, extermination)
    • In absence of clear evidence to the contrary, alien beings should be presumed to know what they are doing (purposive) and to have neutral intentions.
  • Leave the area at once and immediately notify the proper authorities, if possible. (This is the easiest course of action.)
  • If you cannot escape, try to suppress any xenophobic reactions to the ETs’ appearance or behavior.
  • Photograph only from a distance, without a flash, then hide camera in bushes where you can find it later
  • Try to keep the subject in sight, while staying out of sight of the subject. Be very quiet.
  • If your presence Is detected by the alien beings:
    • Make no move in their direction
    • Retreat to a safe distance and wait, walking backwards so you can keep an eye on the ETs.
    • Make no sudden fast movements (unless absolutely necessary), to avoid startling the alien.
    • If the creatures move toward you, move backwards to show you don't want them close to you (mere physical proximity may be hazardous to human life, e.g., pathogens, radiation, etc.).
    • If ETs continue to approach, do not act physically aggressive, fight with or shoot at them.
    • Lay aside any hand-held or worn object that appears weaponlike or could be construed as a weapon (cameras, flash attachments, pocket pens, hat, motorcycle or bike, sidearm, fishing pole, hunting rifle, baseball bat, football, etc). Never aim or point any object at the ETs.
    • Be as cooperative as is possible under the circumstances, and your chances of getting hurt will be minimized.
    • Offer the space beings any material object in your possession (wristwatch, keys, wallet, clothing, etc.); any alien artifact proffered in return would be priceless.
  • If the extraterrestrial craft appears to have had an accident, or its occupants appear to be in trouble:
    • Offer assistance in simple chores (carrying buckets of water from nearby stream. collecting wood for fire).
    • Any more complicated assistance should be rendered with extreme caution, and only if obviously and directly requested.
    • If ETs are injured, follow their instructions to the letter no matter how strange.
      • Assume the creatures’ present condition is not too far from normal (e.g., water-filled helmet implies a water-breather).
      • Use no human drugs or chemicals on the ET without its conscious approval.
    • If the space being is unconscious when you find it, place it in flat prone position as comfortably as possible, then go for help (call police, ambulance, military).
After the Encounter

  • Make a WRITTEN record.
    • Write down date, time, and place of sighting, weather conditions, stars, etc.
    • Dictate to tape recorder or stenographer or type up your description of events while they’re still fresh in your mind.
    • Describe what you saw and felt.
    • Note if you observed phenomenon through a window pane, glasses, binoculars, etc. Provide exact specifications for each.
    • General description of flying object (light or dark, color, reflective or self-luminous, spinning or stationary, solid or transparent, sharp or fuzzy edges, comparisons with objects in field of view).
    • Specific details (surface markings, port holes, antennae, radio dishes, spotlight).
    • Draw pictorial description of events, even if you feel you are a poor artist. Draw in vanes, fins, vapor trails, reference points, and proper size relationships.
    • What did the object do? (Arcs or linear paths, hovering, landing, high accelerations, sharp turns, changes in color or transparency, break-up or explosion, shape or brightness change, flickering).li>
    • What did aliens look like? What did they do? Drawings would be helpful, with information on size, gait, proportions.
    • Describe any odors, noises, heat, lights, or other perceptions or effects on yourself, animals, machinery, or plant life.
    • If there are other witnesses, have them sign your report or write their own.
    • Notarize all documents when completed.
  • Preserve the PHYSICAL record.
    • If there is any physical evidence after the encounter (broken tree branches, blood stains, liquid puddles, landing pad depressions), seal off the area, cover to protect from the elements, and make full written description of the evidence.
    • Containerize samples to the best of your ability.
    • If possible, photograph the evidence.
  • Develop the PHOTOGRAPHIC record.
    • Give your camera intact to the authorities and let them unload it, develop the film, print it, and analyze the images.
  • Avoid the PUBLIC record.
    • You are within your rights if you refuse to talk to reporters (recommended if disclosure will harm personal life).
    • Avoid writing books, articles, or giving public lectures. The more dignity you lend to your experience the more credible it (and you) will appear.
  Appendix B ♦ Conferences, Symposia, and Red-Letter Dates through 1979   

appendix b-1

appendix b-2

appendix b-3

appendix b-4

appendix b-5


1. "Culture and Biological Adaptation", American Anthropologist, 1965, pp. 1174-97, Jane Hainline @ UCR, Calif. (part of doctoral thesis).

2. "Demiarcs: An Atomistic Approach to Relational Systems & Group Dynamics", Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1971, July, pp. 195-205; Frank Harary @ University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

3. Intelligent Life in the Universe; I. S. Shklovskii and Carl Sagan (1966).

4. "The Survival of Small Societies", Anthropologica, 1971, 13 (1-2):63-84; H. B. Hawtharne <saw abstract only>.

5. Article: Human Organization, 1971, 30 (3):223-228.

6. "The Chemical Elements of Life", Scientific American, July 1972, pp. 52-60, 54; by Earl Frieden.

7. Professor Yuri Nefedov, Soviet scientist, in Pravda, January 18, 1969, quoted in The Futurist, October 1969 issue, p. 120.

8. "Differential Adaptation and Micro-cultural Evolution in Guyana", Leo A. Despres, Journal of Anthro. Research, pp. 14-44, Vol. 25 (1969).

9. "Popular Pressure and the Social Evolution of Agriculturaliste", Michael J. Harner, Amer. Anthro., Vol. 26, 1970; p. 67.


100. J. E. Bruns; "Cosmolatry"; Catholic World 191 (Aug. 1960): 283-287.

101. V. G. Dethier; "Life on Other Planets"; Catholic World 198 (Jan. 1964):245-250.

102. Aidan M. Carr; "Take Me to Your Leader", Homiletic and Pastoral Review (New York) 65 (Dec. 1964):255-256.

103. Charles Coupe, S. J. (Bournemough, England); "Are the Planets Inhabited?"; American Catholic Quarterly 31 (1906):699-720.

104. Charles Davis; "The Place of Christ", Clergy Review (London) 45 (December, 1960):706-718.

105. W. Burnet Easton, Jr.; "Space Travel & Space Theology", Theology Today 17 (Jan. 1961):428-429.

106. "Faith and Outer Space", Time 71 (Mar. 31, 1958): 37. (About: C. S. Lewis).

107. C. S. Lewis; "Onward Christian Spaceman", Catholic Digest 27 (August, 1963):90-95.

108. Joseph A. Breig (I.) "Man Stands Alone") and L. C. McHugh, S. J. (II.) 'Others Out Yonder"); "Other Worlds For Man", America 104 (Nov. 26, 1960):294-297.

109. (Father) L. C. McHugh, S. J.; "Life in Outer Space", The Sign 41 (December, 1961):26-29.


200. J. W. Campbell, Jr.; "The One-Eyed Logician", Analog 58 (January 1957):4-5, 160-2.

201. John Cunningham Lilly, M. D.; The Mind of the Dolphin: A Nonhuman Intelligence; (Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, N/Y.; 1967).

202. Lt. Commander Doris Cranmore; "Behavior, Mortality, and Gross Pathology of Rats Under Accelerative Stress", Journal of Aviation Medicine 27 (1956):131-140.

203. Rodolfo Margaria, M. D.; "Wide Range Investigations of Acceleration in Men and Animals", Journal of Aviation Medicine 29 (1958):855-871.

204. F. Gaynor Evans, Ph. D. (Assoc. Prof. Anatomy, Wayne State Univ., College of Medicine; Detroit, Mich.); Stress and Strain in Bones: Their Relation to Fractures and Osteogenesis; (Charles C. Thomas, Publ.; Springfield, Illinois; 1957).

205. Jean Piaget; The Psychology of Intelligence; (Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, "The International Library", London; 1st publ. England, 1950.

206. Joseph Hamilton; The Starry Hosts: A Plea for the Habitation of Planets; (W. Mullan, Belfast; 1875).

207. V. A. Kostitzin (formerly Prof. in the Faculty of Science of Moscow and Director of the Moscow Geophysical Institute); Mathematical Biology; (George G. Harrap & Company Ltd., London; 1939). Trans. from Russian by Theodore H. Savory.

208. "Possible Pattern for the Origin of Life", Space World H-9-93 (September 1971):47-48.

209. Lester del Rey, William Tenn, Paul Anderson, A. E. van Vogt; "Eight Eyes", Esquire 65 (Jan, 1966):56-59.


300. Philip H. Abelson; Researches in Geochemistry (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; N. Y.; 1959); "Geochemistry of Organic Substances"

301. J. B. S. Haldane; "The Origins of Life", from New Biology 16, Penguin Books Ltd., 1954

302. S. L. Miller, H. C. Urey; "Organic Compound Synthesis on the Primitive Earth", Science 130 (1959):245-251.

303. John Oró, A. P. Kimball; "Synthesis of Purines under Possible Primitive Earth Conditions", Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 94 (1961):217-227.

304. Cyril Ponnamperuma, R. M. Lemmon, Ruth Mariner, Melvin Calvin; "Formation of Adenine by Electron Irradiation of Methane, Ammonia, and Water", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 49 (1969): 737, 740.

305. Carl Sagan; "On the Origin and Planetary Distribution of Life", Radiation Research 15 (1961):174-192.

306. George Wald; "Life in the Second and Third Periods; or, Why Phosphorus and Sulfur for High-Energy Bonds?" Horizons in Biochemistry, M. Kasha, B. Pullman, eds.; Academic Press, N. Y., pp. 127-142 (1962).

307. R. B. Baldwin: "Mars: An Estimate of the Age of its Surface", Science 149 (1965):1498-1499.

308. A. Edward Tyler (worker with JPL/NASA; science writer): The Space Around Us; (Harper & Row Publ., N/Y.; 1964).

309. Thomas B. Allen (Popular Science writer); The Quest: A Report on ET Life; (Chilton Books, N. Y.; 1965).


400. Bonnie Dalzell; interview on 7/26/75, at Berkeley, California.

401. Michael Kurland (*s/f writer); personal communication, 11/11/75.

402. Dr. Howard J. Taubenfeld (*space lawyer); personal communication, 11/13/75.

403. Stephen Gorove (Chairman. of the Grad. Program at Univ. of Miss. Law Center); personal communication, 11/20/75.

404. Oliver J. Lissitzyn (*space lawyer); personal communication, 11/21/75.

405. Mortimer Schwartz (*space lawyer); personal communication, 12/4/75.

406. E. E. "Doc" Smith; First Lensman, orig. copyright 1950; (Pyramid Books, N. Y.; 1974). (S/F)

407. "Computer Love"; Science Digest 78 (July, 1975): 14.

408. "The Dog Pill"; Science Digest 78 (July, 1975): 17.

409. "Chastity Belts for Snakes"; Science Digest 78 (July, 1975): 18-19.


500. W. A. Chupka, J. P. Schiffer, C. M. Stevens; "Experimental Search for Stable, Fractionally Charged Particles"; Physical Review Letters 17 (July 4, 1966):60-65.

501. Donald Kennedy; "Small Systems of Nerve Cells"; Scientific American 216 (May, 1967): 44+

502. Michael S. Gazzaniga; "The Split Brain in Man"; Scientific American 217 (Aug. 1967):24-29.

503. A. R. Luria; "The Functional Organization of the Brain"; Scientific American 222 (March 1970):66-78.

504. Eugenie Lisitzin; Sea-Level Changes; Elsevier Oceanography Series #8 (Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., N. Y.; 1974).

505. "Nuclear Theory of Ball Lightning"; Chemistry 44 (Feb. 1971):25-26.

506. G. C. Baldwin, R. V. Khokhlov; "Prospects for a Gamma-Ray Laser"; Physics Today 28 (Feb. 1975):32-39.

507. George Chapline, Lowell Wood; "X-ray Lasers"; Physics Today 28 (June, 1975):40-48.

508. Arthur L. Schawlaw; "Advances in Optical Masers"; Scientific American 209 (July, 1963):34-45.

509. George C. Pimentel; "Chemical Lasers"; Scientific American 214 (April, 1966):32-9.


600. Roger A. MacGowen (Computation Center, Army Missile Command, Huntsville, Alabama, USA), Frederick I. Ordway, III (General Astronautics Research Corporation, London Corporation, London, England); Intelligence in the Universe; (Prentice - Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey; 1966).

601. Kenneth W. Gatland, Derek D. Dempster; The Inhabited Universe; (David McKay Company, Inc., N. Y; 1958).

602. Christian Huygens; The Celestial Worlds Discover'd; (Printed for Timothy Childe at the White Hart at the West-end of St. Paul's Church yard, London; 1698) New impression of the first English edition: Frank Cass and Company Limited, London; 1968.

603. Frederick I. Ordway, III; Life in Other Solar Systems; (E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc.; 1965).

604. Evert Schildt, Jr. (Head of Operations Research, Swedish Research Institute of National Defense, Stockholm); Nuclear Explosion Casualties; (Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois; 1967).

605. Mayo Mohs, ed.; Other Worlds, Other Gods; (Avon Books, The Hearst Corporation, N. Y.; 1971). (S/F)

606. Willy Ley; Exotic Zoology; (The Viking Press, N. Y.; 1959). Illustrated by Olga Ley.

607. Larry Niven; Neutron Star; (Ballantine Books, N. Y.; 1968). Stories: "Neutron Star", Worlds of If (October 1966) pp. 9-28; "A Relic of the Empire", Worlds of If (December 1966) pp. 29-50; "At the Core", Worlds of If (November 1966) pp. 51-72; "The Soft Weapon", Worlds of If (February 1967) pp. 73-128; "Flatlander", Worlds of If (Mar., 1967) pp. 129-172; "The Ethics of Madness", Worlds of If (April 1967) pp. 173-208; "The Handicapped", Galaxy (December 1967); and "Grendel", pp. 237-285. (S/F)

608. Isaac Asimov; The Huge Winners, Vol. I & II; (Double, Inc., N. Y.; 1971). (S/F)

609. Arthur C. Clarke; The Promise of Space; (Pyramid Books, N. Y.; 1968).


700. Carl E. Seashore (Prof. of Psychology, Dean Emeritus at Graduate School, State University of Iowa); In Search of Beauty in Music; (The Ronald Press Co., N. Y.; 1947).

701. G. Révész; Introduction to the Psychology of Music; (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma; 1954). Translated from the German by G. I. C. de Courcy.

702. Walter Sullivan (Science Editor, New York Times); We Are Not Alone; (New American Library, Inc., N. Y.; 1966).

703. Brad Steiger; Mysteries of Time and Space; (Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey; 1974).

704. Interview with J. Allen Hynek; Ed Busch Talk Show, KNBR, 3/25/76.

705. Introductory Space Science (1968); U. S. A. F. Academy (Physics 370), Chapter 33. Courtesy of R. Perry Collins, Group for UFO Analysis, - Research and Development. (#1. 00) [See discussion, ca. page 230 et, #1623, keyhole's book] {-}

706. Charles Galton Darwin; The Next Million Years; (Doubleday and Company, Inc.; N. Y.; 1953).

707. Ray Andrews Brown (Prof. of Law, University of Wisconsin, deceased); The Law of Personal Property; (Callaghan and Company, Chicago; 1955).

708. D. L. Hennessey; Twenty-Five Lessons in Citizenship; (Gillick Printing, Inc., Berkeley, California; 1974).

709. Dr. Joseph B. Schechtman; The Refugee in the World: Displacement and Integration; (A. S. Barnes and Company, Inc., N. Y.; 1963).


800. Ninian Smart (Prof. of Religious Studies & Pro Vice Chancellor, Univ. of Lancaster, England); "The Study of Religion"; Britannica III 15 (1974):613-628.

801. Linwood Fredericksen; "Feast and Festival"; Britannica III 7 (1974):197-202.

802. Karl J. Narr (Prof. & Director, Seminary for Prehistory and Protohistory, Univ. of Munster, West Germany); "Prehistoric Religion"; Britannica III 14 (1974):984-989.

803. R. Godfrey Lienhardt (Reader in Social Anthropology, Univ. of Oxford); "Primitive Religion"; Britannica III 14 (1974):1040-1047.

804. Sir James George Frazer; The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion. Vol. 11, 3rd Ed.; (St. Martin's Press, N. Y.; 1955) (First Edition, 1913).

805. Robert N. Bellah (Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts); "Religious Evolution"; American Sociological Review 29 (June, 1964): 358-374.

806. Franz Cumont; Astrology and Religion among the Greeks and Romans; (Dover Publications, Inc., N. Y.; 1960).

807. Joachim Wach (deceased, Prof. of the History of Religion, Univ. of Religion, Univ. of Chicago); Sociology of Religion; (Phoenix Books, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago; 1962).

808. J. Milton Yinger (Prof. of Sociology & Anthropology, Oberlin College); Religion, Society, and the Individual: An Introduction to the Sociology of Religion; (The Macmillan Company, N. Y.; 1957).

809. Michael Hill (Lecturer in Sociology, London School of Economics); A Sociology of Religion; (Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, N. Y; 1973).


900. George Bosworth Burch (Tufts College); "Seven - Valued Logic in Jain Philosophy"; International Philosophical Quarterly 4 (1964): 68-93.

901. Louise Schmir Hay (Mount Holyoke College); "Axiomatization of the Infinite-Valued Predicate Calculus"; The Journal of Symbolic Logic 28 (March, 1963):77-86.

902. Clarence I. Lewis (Harvard Univ.); "Alternative Systems of Logic"; The Monist 42 (October, 1932):481-507.

903. Joost A. M. Meerloo; Along the Fourth Dimension: Man's Sense of Time and History; (The John Day Company, N. Y.; 1970).

904. J. T. Fraser; Of Time, Passion, and Knowledge: Reflections on the Strategy of Existence; (George Braziller, N. Y.; 1975).

905. Bas C. van Fraassen; An Introduction to the Philosophy of Time and Space; (Random House, N. Y.; 1970).

906. John G. Gunnell (State Univ. of New York, Albany); Political Philosophy and Time; (Wesleyan Univ. Press, Middletown, Conn.; 1968).

907. Hans Kalmus (Galton Laboratory of Univ. College, London; Prof. of Genetics); "Organic Evolution and Time". In J. T. Fraser, ed.; The Voices of Time; (George Braziller, N. Y.; 1966), pp. 330-352.

908. J. Barkley Rosser (Prof. of Math, Cornell Univ.), Atwell R. Turquette (Assoc. Prof. of Philosophy, Univ. of Illinois); Many-Valued Logics; (North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam; 1952).

909. A. A. Zinov'ev (born in 1922, young (in 1960) Russian logician, at the Institute (@ the Academy of Sciences of USSR) of Philosophy, Moscow); Philosophical Problems of Many-Valued Logic. Revised edition; D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht-Holland, 1963). Edited & translated by Guido Kung and David Dinsmore Comey.


1000. Doris Jonas (anthropologist), David Jonas (Adolphe David Jonas, psychiatrist, 1913-); Other Senses, Other Worlds; (Stein and Day, Publishers, N. Y.; 1976), (See Gen. Ref.).

1001. Duncan Lunan; Man and The Stars: Contact and Communication with Other Intelligence; (Souvenir Press Ltd., London: 1974). (See Gen. Ref.). {*}

1002. Eric Herbst (Asst. Prof. Chemistry, College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Va.), William Klemperer (Prof. Chemistry, Harvard Univ.); "The Formation of Interstellar Molecules"; Physics Today 29 (June, 1976):32-39.

1003. Marcel Florkin (Dept. of Biochemistry, Univ. of Liege, Belgium); "Concepts of Molecular Biosemiotics and of Molecular Evolution"; Ibid. (#996), Pt. A, Ch. I, pp. 1-124.

1004. Walter R. Stahl; "Scaling of Respiratory Variables in Mammals"; Journal of Applied Physiology 22 (1967):453-460. In Ibid/#998, pp. 38-54.

1005. Vance A. Tucker; "Energetic Cost of Locomotion in Animals"; Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 34 (1970):841-846. In Ibid. /#998, pp. 109-114.

1006. Henry D. Prange, Knut Schmidt-Nielsen; "The Metabolic Cost of Swimming in Ducks"; Jour. of Experimental Biology 53 (1970):763-777. In Ibid/#998, pp. 123-137.

1007. Vance A. Tucker (Dept. of Zoology, Duke Univ., Durkam, N. Carolina); "Flight Energetics in Birds"; American Zoologist 11 (1971):115-124. Ibid. /#998, pp. 138-147.

1008. Dieter Oesterhelt, Walther Stoeckenius; "Function of a New Photoreceptor Membrane"; Proc. of the National Academy of Sciences 70 (Oct. 1973): 2853-2857.

1009. Efraim Racker, Walther Stoeckenius; "Reconstitution of Purple Membrane Vesicles Catalyzing Light-driver Photon Uptake & Adenosine Triphosphate Formation"; Jour. of Biol. Chemistry 249 (Jan. 25, 1974) pp. 662-663.


1100. Grover J. D. Schock, ed.; Bioengineering; Proceedings of the First Annual Rocky Mountain bioengineering Symposium, USAF Academy (Colorado), May 4-5, 1964. Technical Session II . "The Search for Extraterrestrial Life", pp. 75-112. {*}

1101. Prof. A. M. Low; "Science and Interplanetary Communication"; JBIS I (July, 1934): 25.

1102. P. E. Cleator; "Extra-Terrestrial Life"; JBIS 2 (May, 1935):3-4.

1103. A. C. Clarke; "The Challenge of the Spaceship"; JBIS 6 (December, 1946):66-81.

1104. A. C. Clarke; "Astronautics and Poetry"; Bulletin of the BIS 2 (Feb. 1947):21-24.

1105. O. B. Howell; "Communications from Space"; JBIS 7 (July, 1948): 176.

1106. E. R. Nye; "The Possibility of Potentially Pathogenic Organisms Occurring on Another Planet"; JBIS 9 (March, 1950):62-63.

1107. James Harper; "Potentially Pathogenic Organisms or Another Planet"; JBIS 9 (Sept. 1950):254-5.

1108. Edwin R. Nye; "Planetary Bacteria"; JBIS 9 (November, 1950): 302.

1109. Bruce M. Adkins; "Antigravity"; JBIS 9 (November, 1950): 303.


1200. W. Short; "A Radioisotope Propulsion System"; JBIS 17 (December 1960):453-458.

1201. Freddy Ba Hli, E. Okress, Jr.; "Correspondence: Electrical Theory of Gravity"; JBIS 17 (August 1960):385-386.

1202. E. Okress; "Correspondence: Electrical Theory of Gravity"; JBIS 18 (December 1961): 254

1203. John Cobb Cooper; "Extraterrestrial Life and Space Lawyers"; JBIS 19 (May/June, 1963): 101.

1204. E. Conrad Miller; "Extraterrestrial Life"; JBIS 19 (Nov. /December 1963): 263.

1205. John C. Cooper; "Extraterrestrial Life"; JBIS 19 (Jan. /February 1964): 302.

1206. J. L. Smith; "Extraterrestrial life": JBIS 19 (July/August 1964): 447.

1207. Isaac Asimov; "Titanic Surprise"; Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction 49 (July, 1975):135-144.

1208. I. Asimov; "The Rocketing Dutchman"; Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction 48 (Feb. 1975):123-134.

1209. Edward Wellen; "Origins of Galactic Law"; Galaxy 6 (April, 1953): 87-95.


1300. T. A. Heppenheimer; "Outline of a Theory of Planetary Formation in Binary Systems"; Icarus 22 (August, 1974):436-447.

1301. Akiva Bar-Nun; "Thunderstorms on Jupiter"; Icarus 24 (January 1975):86-94.

1302. Peter H. Stone; "The Atmosphere of Uranus"; Icarus 24 (March, 1975):292-298.

1303. Thomas Scattergood, Peter Lesser, Tobias Owen; "Production of Organic Molecules in the Outer System by Proton Irradiation: Laboratory Simulations"; Icarus 24 (April, 1975):465-471.

1304. Michael Martin Nieto; "The Titus-Bode Law and the Possibility of Recent Large-Scale Evolution in the Solar System"; Icarus 25 (May, 1975):171-174.

1305. B. M. Oliver; "Proximity of Galactic Civilizations"; Icarus 25 (June, 1975):360-367.

1306. J. Freeman, M. Lampton; "Interstellar Archeology and the Prevalence of intelligence"; Icarus 25 (June, 1975):368-369.

1307. Carl Sagan, Paul Fox; "The Canals of Mars; An Assessment Offer Mariner 9"; Icarus 25 (August, 1975):602-612.

1308. S. G. Schulman; "On the Possibility of Exotic Biochemistries"; NASA CR-104095, TR-68-710-9 (No. 69-34670). (1969).

1309. C. F. Kelly et al.; "Chronic Acceleration Studies - Physiological responses to Artificial Alterations in Weight"; NASA CR-77449 (No. 66-35168).


1400. Ben Bova; "Galactic Geopolitics"; Analog 88 (January 1972) 51-62.

1401. Isaac Asimov; "Just Right"; Mag. of Fantasy and Science Fiction 369March, 1969):89-98.

1402. Isaac Asimov; "The Incredible Shrinking People"; FSF 36 (April 1969):108-116.

1403. Isaac Asimov; "Impossible, That's All!"; FSF 32 (February 1967): 113-123.

1404. Isaac Asimov; "The Luxon Wall"; FSF 37 (December, 1969):96-105.

1405. Isaac Asimov; "Hot Water"; Fantasy and Science Fiction 40 (January 1971):108-117.

1406. John S. Lewis; "The Clouds of Jupiter and the NH3-H2O and NH3-H2S System"; Icarus 10 (May, 1969): 365-378.

1407. Harold P. Klein, Joshua Leberberg, Alexander Rich; "Biological Experiments: The Viking Mars Lander"; Icarus 16 (February 1972): 139-146.

1408. Duwayne M. Anderson et al.; "Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Organic Compounds, Water and Volatile Constituents in the Atmosphere and Surface of Mars: The Viking Mars Lander"; Icarus 16 (February 1972):111-138.

1409. N. H. Horowitz, Jerry S. Hubbard, George L. Hobby; "The Carbon-Assimilation Experiment: The Viking, Mars Lander"; Icarus 16 (February 1972): 147-152.


1500. D. F. Bartlett, M. D. Lahana; "Search for Tachyon Monopoles"; Physical Review D 6 (1 October 1972) 1817-1823.

1501. William B. Rolnick; "Tachyons and the Arrow of Causality"; Physical Review D 6 (15 October, 1972):2300-2301.

1502. Jerome S. Danburg, George R. Kalbfleisch; "Limits on the Rate Emission of Negative-Energy Tachyons"; Physical Review D 5 (1 April 1972):1575-1582. {(125)}

1503. David Finkelstein (Belfer Graduate School of Science, Yeshiva Univ., N. Y.); Space-Time Code. II"; Physical Review D 5 (15 January 1972):320-328.

1504. Raymond Fox; "Tachyons and Quantum Statistics"; Physical Review D 5 (15 January 1972):329-331.

1505. F. A. E. Pirani; "Noncausal Behavior of Classical Tachyons"; Physical Review D 1 (15 June, 1970):3224-3225.

1506. R. A. Carrigan, Jr., F. A. Nezrick, B. P. Strauss; "Search for Magnetic-Monopole Production by 300-GeV Protons"; Physical Review D 8 (1 December 1973):3717-3720.

1507. R. Mignani, E. Recami; "Possible Experimental Behavior of Tachyon Monopoles"; Lettere al Nuovo Cimento 11 (26 October 1974):417-420.

1508. E. Recami, R. Mignani; "Comment on a Recent Experimental Search for Negative Energy Tachyons"; Lettere al Nuovo Cimento 8 (24 November 1973):780-782.

1509. R. Mignani, E. Recami; "Tachyons do not Emit Cerenkov Radiation in Vacuum"; Lettere al Nuovo Cimento 7 (7 July, 1973):388-390.


1600. C. Eaborn (Univ. of Leicester, London); Organosilicon Compounds; (Butterworth's Scientific Publications, London; 1960).

1601. S. N. Borisov, M. G. Voronkov, E. Ya. Lukevits; Organosilicon Heteropolymers and Heterocompounds; (Plenum Press, N. Y.; 1970).

1602. F. G. A. Stone, W. A. G. Graham; Inorganic Polymers; (Academic Press, N. Y.; 1962).

1603. Arthur V. Tobolsky (Dept. Chem., Princeton Univ.); "Properties of Polymers"; in (#1602):10-27.

1604. John R. van Wazer, Clayton F. Callis (Monsanto Chem. Co., St. Louis); "Phosphorus-Based Macromolecules"; in (#1602):28-97.

1605. A. J. Barry, H. N. Beck (Dow Corning Corp., Midland, Michigan); "Silicone Polymers"; in (#1602):189-320.

1606. Robert K. Ingham (Ohio Univ., Athens), Henry Gilman (Iowa State Univ., Ames); "Organopolymers of Silicon, Germanium, Tin, and Lead"; in (#1602):321-409.

1607. Paul F. Bruins; Silicone Technology. (Interscience Publishers, John Wiley & Sons, N. Y.; 1970). (Proc. of the 14th Applied Polymer Symposium).

1608. Howard W. Post; Silicones and Other Organic Silicon Compounds; (Reinhold Publishing Corp., N. Y.; 1949).

1609. R, N. Meals, F. M. Lewis; Silicones; (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, N. Y.; 1959).


1700. Laurent Siklóssy; "On the Evolution of Artificial Intelligence"; Information Sciences 2 (1970):369-377.

1701. M. G. J. Beets (Holland); "Olfactory Response and Molecular Structure"; in Lloyd M. Beidler, ed.; Olfaction; (Springer Verlag, Berlin; 1971), Chapter 12, pp. 257-321.

1702. Sidney W. Fox; "Thermal Polymerization of Amino-Acids and Production of Formed Microparticles on Lava"; Nature 20 (Jan. 25, 1964):336-337.

1703. J. V.; Radar Studies of Planetary Surfaces"; Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 7 (1969):201-248.

1704. P. Morrison; "A Thermodynamic Characterization of Self-Reproduction"; Reviews of Modern Physics 36 (April, 1964):517-524.

1705. Theodosius Dobzhansky (Dept. Genetics, UC . . . . .); "Darwinian Evolution and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life"; Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (Winter, 1972):157-175. [See Gen. Ref. ]

1706. Robert Bieri; "Humanoids on Other Planets?" American Scientist 52 (Dec. 1964):452-458.

1707. George Gaylord Simpson; "The Biological Nature of Man"; Science 152 922 April, 1966):472-478.

1708. D. Weihs; "Energetic Advantages of Burst Swimming of Fish"; Journal of Theoretical Biology 48 (1974):215-229.

1709. Sewall Wright (Univ. Chicago); "Evolution in Mendelian Populations"; Genetics 16 (1931):97-159.


1800. E. A. Hoebel (New York Univ.); "Law and Anthropology"; Virginia Law Review 32 (1946):836-854.

1801. Ernest Tricomi; "Voyage to Venus"; Time 81 (March 22, 1963): 5-6.

1802. Rogers Albritton; "Mere Robots and Others"; Journal of Philosophy 61 (November 12, 1964):691-694.

1803. Hilary Putnam*; "Robots: Machines or Artificially Created Life?" Journal of Philosophy 61 (November 12, 1964):668-691 [*MIT]

1804. Richard G. Sipes; "War, Sports and Aggression: An Empirical Test of Two Rival Theories"; American Anthropologist 75 (February, 1973): 64-86.

1805. Nahum Z. Medalia, Otto N. Larsen; "Diffusion and Belief in a Collective Delusion: The Seattle Windshield Pitting Epidemic"; American Sociological Review 23 (April, 1958):180-186.

1806. Bernard T. Feld; "The Consequences of Nuclear War"; Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 32 (June, 1976):10-13.

1807. Icko Iben, Jr.; "Globular Cluster Stars"[*July, 1970]; in Owen Gingerich, ed.; New Frontiers in Astronomy; (W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco; 1975), pp. 113-126. (Readings from Scientific American).

1808. George H. Herbig; "The Youngest Stars"; (August 1967); in Gingerich (#1807):141-147.

1809. Geoffrey Burbidge, Margaret Burbidge; "Stellar Populations"; (November. 1958); in Gingerich (#1807):153-159.


1900. James L. Christian; ed.; Extraterrestrial Intelligence: The First Encounter; (Prometheus Books, Buffalo, N. Y.; 1976).

1901. Brahmavaivarta Purana; in H. Zimmer; Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization; (Harper and Row, N. Y.; 1946), pp. 3-11.

1902. Isaac Asimov; "Of Life Beyond: Man's Age - Old Speculations"; in Christian (#1900):32-51.

1903. Thomas as Heath; Aristarchus of Samos, the Ancient Copernicus; (Clarendon Press, Oxford; 1913).

1904. Philip Morrison; Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 16 (1962): 81.

1905. Father Angelo Secchi; "Religion in Space"; in W. D. Muller, ed.; Man Among the Stars; (Criterion Books, N. Y.; 1957).

1906. Svante Arrhenius; "The Transmission of Life from Star to Star"; Scientific American 96 (March 2, 1907): 196.

1907. S. I. [*Ichtiaque] Rasool, C. de Bergh; "The Runaway Greenhouse and the Accumulation of CO/2 in the Venus Atmosphere"; Nature 226 (1970):1037-1039.

1908. George Abell; "The Search for Life Beyond Earth: A Scientific Up-date"; in Christian (#1900):53-71.

1909. Larry Niven; Protector; (Ballantine Books, N. Y.; 1973). Orig. publ. as "The Adults", Galaxy (June, 1967). (S/F)


2000. Robert A. Freitas, Jr.; "The Legal Rights of Extraterrestrials"; Analog 97 (April, 1977):54-67.

2001. Robert A. Freitas, Jr.; "Metalaw and Interstellar Relations"; Mercury 6 (March/April, 1977):15-17.

2002. Cyril Ponnamperuma (Univ. of Maryland); "Organic Synthesis in a Simulated Jovian Atmosphere of the Planet Jupiter"; in Ponnamperuma (#1996): 221-231.

2003. R. S. Young, R. D. MacElroy (NASA Headquarters, Wash., D. C.); "Biology on the Outer Planets"; Ponnamperuma (#1996):199-219.

2004. Daniel H. Herman, Spiro J. Grivas (NASA); "Planetary Mission Planning for the Next Decade"; in Ponnamperuma (#1996):129-146.

2005. N. H. Horowitz (Cal Tech); "Life in Extreme Environments: Biological Water Requirements"; in Ponnamperuma (#1996):121-128.

2006. Bessel Kok, Richard Radmer (Martin Marietta Corp.); "Energy Requirements of a Biosphere"; in Ponnamperuma (#1996):183-197.

2007. R. A. Hand (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center); "Exploration of the Giant Planets by Infrared Spectroscopy"; in Ponnamperuma (#1996):165-181.

2008. V. P. Korobeinikov, P. I. Chushkin, L. V. Shurshalov; "Mathematical Model and Computation of the Tunguska Meteorite Explosion"; Acta Astronautica 3 (July/August, 1976):615-622.

2009. William Graves Hoyt; Lowell and Mars; (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson; 1976).


2100. Devlin M. Gualtieri (Dept. Chemistry, U. Pittsburg); "Trace Elements and the Panspermia Hypothesis"; Icarus 30 (January 1977):234-238.

2101. W. B. Hubbard; "The Jovian Surface Condition and Cooling Rate"; Icarus 30 (February 1977):305-310.

2102. Robert S. Dixon, Dennis M. Cole; "A Modest All-Sky Search for Narrowband Radio Radiation Near the 21-cm Hydrogen line"; Icarus 30 (February 1977):267-273.

2103. C. E. Kenknight; "Methods of Detecting Extrasolar Planets. I. Imaging"; Icarus 30 (February 1977):422-433.

2104. Kenneth H. York; "Basic Problems in Metalaw"; The Brief 53 (Summer, 1958):243-247.

2105. P. Weis; Nationality and Statelessness in International Law; (Stevens & Sons Limited, London; 1956).

2106. W. Grey Walter; "Imitation of Life"; in Scientific American Reader; (Simon and Schuster, N. Y.; 1953), pp. 545-551.

2107. Arnold Tustin; "Feed back; in Scientific American Reader; (Simon & Schuster, N. Y.; 1953), pp. 528-537.

2108. Jonathan Eberhart; "The CCD: New Eye on the Sky"; Science News 111 (March 12, 1977): 169, 173.

2109. Sir James Jeans; The Universe Around Us; (The Macmillan Company, N. Y.; 1944). 4th Ed.


2200. David C. Black et al.; "Project Orion: A Method for Detecting Extrasolar Planets"; Spaceflight 19 (March, 1977):90-92. {*}

2201. D. M. Jones; "A New Possibility for CETI"; Spaceflight 19 (March, 1977):113-114.

2202. J. Baxter, T. Atkins; The Fire Came By; (Macdonald and Jane's Publishers Ltd., London; 1976).

2203. Robert Burton; "Mating Game: It's Different If You Fly"; Science Digest 81 (March, 1977):22-26, 96.

2204. Mike Shupp; "Viking Forays and Other Sagas"; Spaceflight 19 (January 1977):12-15, 40.

2205. Michael Chriss; "Visualizing Geologic Time"; Mercury 3 (November/December 1974):29-30.

2206. Peter Goldreich; "Tides and the Earth-Moon System"; Scientific American 226 (April, 1972):42-52.

2207. Arthur C. Clarke; "Rescue Party"; in George Bennett, ed.; Great Tales of Action and Adventure; (Dell Publishing Co., Inc., N. Y.; 1959), pp. 171-202. (S/F)

2208. E. Hutchings, Jr., ed.; Frontiers of Science; (Basic Books, N. Y.; 1958).

2209. N. David Mermin, David M. Lee; "Superfluid Helium 3"; Scientific American 235 (December, 1976):56-71.


2300. "Amended Dogma"; Scientific American 236 (May, 1977): 50.

2301. Mordecai L. Gabriel; "Primitive Genetic Mechanisms and the Origin of Chromosomes"; American Naturalist 94 (July/August, 1960):257-269.

2302. A. I. Oparin, ed.; The Origin of Life on the Earth; (Pergamon Press, London; 1959).

2303. Melvin Calvin; "Origin of Life on Earth and Elsewhere"; University of California Radiation Laboratory Reports, UCRL - 9005; 1959.

2304. Svante Arrhenius; Evolution of Universe; (Harper, London; 1908).

2305. Svante Arrhenius; "The Transmission of Life from Star to Star"; Scientific American 96 (March 2, 1907): 196.

2306. Svante Arrhenius; "The Spreading of Life Through the Universe"; in Worlds in the Making; (Harper and Brothers, N. Y.; 1908). Chapter 8.

2307. W. Groth, H. von Weyssenhoff; "Photochemical Formation of Organic Compounds from Mixtures of Simple Gases"; Planetary Space Sciences 2 (1960): 79-85.

2308. A. N. Terenin; "Photosynthesis in the Shortest Ultraviolet"; in A. I. Oparin, ed. (#2302):136-139. [1959]

2309. A. G. Cairns-Smith; (See #2364).


2400. A. A. Krasnovsky; Biological Journal 12 (1972):749-.

2401. George Wald; "Phylogeny and Ontogeny at the Molecular Level"; in A. I. Oparin, ed.; Evolutionary Biochemistry, Vol. III; (Pergamon Press, Oxford; 1963): pp. 12-51.

2402. Walther Stoeckenius; "The Purple Membrane of Salt-Loving Bacteria"; Scientific American 234 (June, 1976):38-46.

2403. "Purple Salt-Lover Captures the Sun"; Science News 109 (March 6, 1976): 149.

2404. J. R. Nursall; "Oxygen as a Prerequisite to the Origin of the Metazoa"; Nature 183 (1959): 1170.

2405. J. R. Nursall; "The Origin of the Metazoa"; Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada, LIII, Series III, Section 5 (June, 1959): 1.

2406. Frederick Pohl; "Let the Ants Try"; in Silverberg (#581). (S/F)

2407. "Air Conditioned Dinosaurs"; Science Digest 80 (October, 1976):12-13.

2408. Julie Ann Miller; "getting Warm"; Science News 111 (Jan. 15, 1977):42-43.

2409. Isaac Asimov; "That's About the Size of It"; in Asimov (#354): 13-26.


2500. Philip José Farmer; "My Sister's Brother"; in Strange Relations; (Ballantine Books, Inc., N. Y.; 1960). Reprinted in (#222). (S/F)

2501. Aldous Huxley; Brave New World; (Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc., N. Y.; 1932). (S/F)

2502. E. G. D. Cohen; "Quantum Statistics and Liquid Helium-3 - Helium-4 Mixtures"; Science 197 (1 July, 1977):11-16.

2503. Knute A. Fisher, Walter Stoeckenius; "Freeze-Fractured Purple Membrane Particles: Protein Content"; Science 197 (1 July, 1977): 72-74.

2504. Richard G. Klein; "The Ecology of Early Man in Southern Africa"; Science 197 (July 8, 1977):115-126.

2505. Deborah Shapley; "Central Crime Computer Project Draws Mixed Reviews"; Science 197 (July 8, 1977):138-141.

2506. Hubert Frings, Mable Frings; Animal Communication; (University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma; 1977). 2nd Edition.

2507. Stephen Rosen; "Altering the Past, Present, and Future"; The Futurist 11 (June, 1977):182-183. From his book Future Facts (1976).

2508. Conway B. Leovy; "The Atmosphere of Mars"; Scientific American 237 (July, 1977):34-43.

2509. William H. Bossert; "Temporal Patterning in Olfactory Communication"; Journal of Theoretical Biology 18 (1968):157-170.


2600. C. Northcote Parkinson (Prof. of History, Univ. of Malaya); The Evolution of Political Thought; (Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston; 1958).

2601. Robert A. Heinlein; Time Enough for Love; (G. P. Putnam's Sons, N. Y.; 1973). (S/F)

2602. M. King Hubbert; "The Energy Resources of the Earth"; Scientific American 224 (September, 1971):60-70.

2603. Peter T. White; "This Land of Ours - How Are We Using It?" National Geographic 150 (July, 1976):20-67.

2604. "Air Force Bestows on National Archives a Trove for UFOlogists"; Science 193 (20 August, 1976):662-663.

2605. Urless Norton Lanham; "Why Do Insects Have Six Legs?" Science 113 (June 8, 1951): 663.

2606. Andrew J. Burgess; "Earth Chauvinism"; The Christian Century 93 (December 8, 1976):1098-1102.

2607. Timothy Ferris; "The Universe as an Ocean of Thought"; Harper 251 (July, 1975):38-43.

2608. T. B. H. Kuiper, M. Morris; "Searching for Extraterrestrial Civilizations"; Science 196 (May 6, 1977):616-621.

2609. Harold Morowitz, Carl Sagan; "Life in the Clouds of Venus?" Nature 215 (1967):1259-1260.


2700. Ednor M. Rowe, John H. Weaver; "The Uses of Synchrotron Radiation"; Scientific American 236 (June, 1977):32-41.

2701. Allan M. Campbell; "How Viruses Insert Their DNA into the DNA of the Host Cell"; Scientific American 235 (December 1976):102-113.

2702. "Bulletproof Robot Rough on Burglars"; San Jose Mercury (September 9, 1977): 2.

2703. Marvin Scott; "Would You Want This Robot in Your Home?" San Jose Mercury News (October 2, 1977):14-16.

2704. James S. Albus, John M. Evans, Jr.; "Robot Systems"; Scientific American 234 (February 1976):76-86B.

2705. M. Cohen, I. E. Drabkin; A Source Book in Greek Science; (McGraw-Hill Book Co., N. Y.; 1948).

2706. A. P. Usher; A History of Mechanical Inventions; (Harvard University Press, Cambridge; 1954).

2707. A. M. Andrew; "Possibilities and Probabilities"; in George & Humphries, eds.; (#952):115-123.

2708. Joyce S. Tischler; "Rights for Nonhuman Animals: A Guardianship Model for Dogs and Cats"; San Diego Law Review 14 (March, 1977):484-506.

2709. Patrick Tilley; Fade-Out; (Dell Publishing Co., N. Y.; 1975). (S/F)


2800. E. C. Zeeman; "Catastrophe Theory"; Scientific American 234 (April, 1976):65-83.

2801. Jean L. Mary; "Neutron Scattering: New Look at Biological Molecules"; Science 198 (November 4, 1977):481-483.

2802. Larry Niven; "A Kind of Murder"; Analog 93 (April, 1974): 43-56. (S/F)

2803. Lord St. Davids; "Justice"; Analog 95 (October 1975): 156-161. (S/F)

2804. J. A. Giordmaine; "Solid State Electronics: Scientific Basis for Future Advances"; Science 195 (March 18, 1977):1235-1240.

2805. R. W. Fuller, John A. Wheeler; "Causality and Multiply Connected Spacetime"; Physical Review 128 (October 15, 1962):919-929.

2806. Jerry Pournelle; "Crashing neutron Stars, Mini Black Holes and Spacedrives"; Galaxy 37 (November 1976):73-82.

2807. Frederic B. Jueneman; correspondence; Analog 95 (November, 1975):173-174.

2808. Willy Ley; "What Do We Mean By Antigravity?" Galaxy 16 (October 1958): 61

2809. James Blish; Cities in Flight; (Nelson Doubleday, Inc., Garden City, N. Y.; 1970). (S/F)


2900. Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Philippe Diole; Octopus and Squid: The Soft Intelligence; (Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, N. Y.; 1973).

2901. J. Z. Young; A Model of the Brain; (Oxford University Press, London; 1964).

2902. Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt; Ethology: The Biology of Behavior; (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, N. Y.; 1970).

2903. B. R. Komisaruk, J. Olds; "Neuronal Correlates of Behavior in Freely Moving Rats"; Science 161 (1968):810-812.

2904. Edward J. Murray; Motivation and Emotion; (Prentice-Hall, Inc., N. J.; 1964). {#522}

2905. H. F. Harlow, S. J. Suomi; "Nature of Love-Simplified"; American Psychologist 25 (1970):161-168.

2906. Magda Arnold; Emotion and Personality; (Columbia University Press, N. Y.; 1960).

2907. Joel Greenberg; "The Brain and Emotions"; Science News 112 (July 30, 1977):74-75.

2908. M. J. Wells; "What the Octopus Makes of It: Our World from Another Point of View"; in McGill (#2899):338-346.

2909. Vernor C. Finch, Glenn T. Trewartha; Elements of Geography: Physical and Cultural; (McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., N. Y.; 1942).


3000. Arnold Joseph Toynbee; A Study of History; (Oxford University Press, N. Y.; 1946).

3001. Hayford Peirce; "Rebounder"; Analog 96 (April, 1976): 43-55. (S/F)

3002. S. Fordham; "Organization Efficiency"; Journal of Industrial Economics 6 (1958):209-215.

3003. P. Eisenberger, B. M. Kincaid; "EXAFS : New Horizons in Structure Determinations"; Science 200 (30 June, 1978):1441-1447.

3004. Emily Hahn; Look Who's Talking !"; (T. Y. Crowell, N. Y.; 1978).

3005. Gerald M. Edelman, Vernon B. Mountcastle; The Mindful Brain: Cortical Organization and Group-Selective Theory of Higher Brain Function; (M. I. T. Press, Cambridge, Mass.; 1978).

3006. William A. Calder III; "The Kiwi"; Scientific American 239 (July, 1978):132-142.

3007. Robert A. Heinlein; The Star Beast; (Ballantine Books, N. Y.; 1954). (S/F)

3008. Sam Keen; "The Lost Voices of the Gods: Reflections on the Dawn of Consciousness"; Psychology Today 11 (Nov. 1977):58-64, 138-144.

3009. Philip K. Bok; Modern Cultural Anthropology; (Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., N. Y.; 1969).


3100. George Zweig; "Quark Catalysis of Exothermal Nuclear Reactions"; Science 201 (15 September, 1978):973-979.

3101. Charles Cros; Études sur les moyens de communication avec les planètes (Studies of Methods of Communicating with the Planets); (Gauthier-Villars, Paris; 1869).

3102. M. Cohen et al.; "The Peculiar Object HD 44179 ("The Red Rectangle") "; Astrophysical Journal 196 (1975):179-189.

3103. B. F. Peery, Jr.; "Technetium Stars"; Astrophysical Journal 163 (1971): L 1.

3104. "Platinum Is Found By Studies in Stars"; N. Y. Times (June 1, 1969): 21.

3105. Philip Morrison; "Interstellar Communication"; Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington 16 (1962): 58. {#1053}

3106. A. D. Haschick, B. F. Burke, J. H. Spencer; "Water Vapor Maser 'Turn-On' in the HII Region W3 (OH) "; Science 198 (16 December 1977):1153-1155.

3107. W. T. Sullivan III, S. Brown, C. Wetherill; "Eavesdropping: The radio Signature of the Earth"; Science 199 (27 January 1978):377-388.

3108. G. Neugebauer, D. E. Martz, R. B. Leighton; "Observations of Extremely Cool Stars"; Astrophysical Journal 142 (1965): 399.

3109. F. J. Low, H. L. Johnson; "Stellar Photometry at 10'm'"; Astrophysical Journal 139 (1964): 1130.


3200. Anthony F. C. Wallace; Religion: An Anthropological View; (Random House, N. Y.; 1966).

3201. George P. Murdock; "The Common Denominator of Culture"; in Ralph Linton, ed.; The Science of Man in the World Crisis; (Columbia University Press, N. Y; 1945), pp. 124-142.

3202. Robert Nozick; Anarchy, State, and Utopia; (Basic Books, N. Y.; 1974).

3203. J. J. Pierce, ed.; The Best of Murray Leinster; (Ballantine Books, N. Y.; 1978). (S/F)

3204. Murray Leinster; "Proxima Centauri"; in (#3203):59-115. (S/F)

3205. Murray Leinster; "The Lonely Planet"; in (#3203):274-307. (S/F)

3206. Murray Leinster; "Keyhole"; in (#3203):308-325. (S/F)

3207. Carl Sagan; Murmurs of Earth: The Voyager Interstellar Record; (Random House, Inc., N. Y.; 1978).

3208. Francisco J. Ayala; "The Mechanisms of Evolution"; Scientific American 239 (September, 1978):56-69.

3209. "Night in Jonestown"; Time 112 (Dec. 4, 1978):16-21.


3300. J. M. J. Kooy; "Gravitation and Space Flight"; Acta Astronautica 4 (Jan. /February 1977):229-230.

3301. Cyril Ponnamperuma; "Prebiotic Molecular Evolution"; in (#3296): 67-81.

3302. A. G. Cairns-Smith; "Takeover Mechanisms and Early Biochemical Evolution"; in (#3296):399-404.

3303. J. Maynard Smith; The Theory of Evolution; (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth; 1966).

3304. E. M. Schwartz, M. O. Dayhoff; "The Point Mutation Process in Proteins"; in (#3296):457-469.

3305. Tamaji Noguchi; "Evolutionary Clock: Estimation of the Prokaryotes-Eukaryotes Divergence by Cytochrome C, C21, and C550 Sequences"; in (#3296):489-494.

3306. Michael D. Papagiannis; "The Importance of Physical Laws on the Origin and Evolution of Life"; in (#3296):575-581.

3307. Cyril Ponnamperuma; The Origins of Life; (Thames and Hudson, Ltd., London; 1972).

3308. Michael D. Papagiannis; "Could We Be the Only Advanced Technological Civilization in Our Galaxy?" in (#3296):585-595.

3309. J. Brooks, G. Shaw; "A Critical Assessment of the Origin of Life"; in (#3296):597-606.


3400. Robert A. Freitas, Jr.; "A General Theory of Living Systems"; Analog 100 (March, 1980):61-75.

3401. W. H. Hannover; "Staatshoheit und Weltraum"; E. A. 14 (1959): 166. Cited in Gál (#371): 204.

3402. P. Creola; Raumfart und Völkerrecht; (Zürich; 1967), pp. 120-122.

3403. Bueckling; Interplanetarisches Kooperationsrecht; (Friedenswarte, Basel; 1960). cited in Fasan (#372): 46.

3404. E. Korovin; "Interplanetary Law?" Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn (1963).

3405. Aldo Armando Cocca; "Legal Nature of the Moon"; 1st Colloquium, IAF/IISL Conf. #1 (1958): 36.

3406. Faria; "Draft to an International Covenant for Outer Space"; IAF/IISL Colloquium #3 (1960): 123, 125.

3407. Ernst Fasan; "Relationships with Extraterrestrial Intelligences and Kant's Categorical Imperative"; Astronautik 5 (1968):43-47.

3408. Myron Tribus, Edward C. McIrvine; "Energy and Information"; Scientific American 224 (February 1971):179-188.

3409. Freeman J. Dyson; "Energy in the Universe"; Scientific American 224 (February 1971):50-59.


3500. Melvin L. Kreithen, Thomas Eisner; "Ultraviolet Light Detection by the Homing Pigeon"; Nature 272 (23 March, 1978):347-348.

3501. Garry E. Hunt; "Atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune"; Nature 272 (30 March, 1978):403-404.

3502. Robert M. May; "Human Reproduction Reconsidered"; Nature 272 (6 April, 1978):491-495.

3503. P. E. Hodgson; "Pions Probe Nuclei"; Nature 272 (April, 1978): 498.

3504. T. Miyata, T. Yasunaga; "Evolution of Overlapping Genes"; Nature 272 (6 April, 1978):532-535.

3505. Kayll Lake; "White Holes"; Nature 272 (13 April, 1978): 599-601.

3506. Walter Leutenegger; "Scaling of Sexual Dimorphism in Body Size and Breeding System in Primates"; Nature 272 (13 April, 1978):610-611.

3507. N. MacDonald; "Dodging Heisenberg"; Nature 272 (20 April, 1978): 667.

3508. S. F. Gull, G. J. Daniell; "Image Reconstruction from Incomplete and Noisy Data"; Nature 272 (20 April, 1978):686-690.

3509. G. A. Shields; "Thermal Continuum From Accretion Disks in Quasars'; Nature 272 (20 April 1978):706-708.


3600. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .; "Animal Cruelty Laws"; University of Richmond Law Review 8 (1974): 201.

3601. Don Berliner; "USAF's Project Blue Book"; Science Digest 82 (August 1977):24-28.

3602. Verta Taylor; "Good News About Disaster"; Psychology Today 11 (October, 1977):93-94, 124-126.

3603. J. Allen Hynek; The Hynek UFO Report; (Dell Publ. Co., N. Y.; 1977).

3604. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .; Time (December 10, 1951): 83.

3605. B, M. Oliver; "The Search for Extraterrestrial Life"; Engineering and Science 38 (December, 1974-January, 1975):7-11, 30-32.

3606. William Hamilton; "The Discovery of Extraterrestrial Intelligence"; in Christian (#1900):99-113.

3607. E. Nelson Hayes; "Tracking Sputnik I"; in Arthur C. Clarke, ed.; The Coming of the Space Age; (Meredith Press, Des Moines, Iowa; 1967).

3608. Leslie Fiedler; Freaks; (Simon & Schuster, N. Y.; 1978).

3609. Ralph Linton; "Nativist Movements"; American Anthropologist 45 (April/June, 1943):230-240.


3700. L. A. Lebofsky, G. H. Rieke, M. J. Lebofsky; "Surface Composition of Pluto"; Icarus 37 (March, 1979):554-558.

3701. D. B. Nash, T. V. Johnson; "Albedo Distribution on Io's Surface"; Icarus 38 (April, 1979):69-74.

3702. Akiva Bar-Nun, Morris Podolak; "The Photochemistry of Hydrocarbons in Titan's Atmosphere"; Icarus 38 (April, 1979):115-122.

3703. Ronald N. Bracewell, Robert H. MacPhie; "Searching for Nonsolar Planets"; Icarus 38 (April, 1979):136-147.

3704. Hiromitsu Yokoo, Tairo Oshima (*Kyorin Univ. (Physicist), Mitsubishi-Kasei Institute of Life Science; Tokyo); "Is Bacteriophage FX174 DNA a Message from an Extraterrestrial Intelligence?" Icarus 38 (April, 1979):148-153.

3705. Barry Parker; "Are We the Only Intelligent Life in Our Galaxy?" Astronomy 7 (January 1979):6-16.

3706. "Venus Mission a Success !" Astronomy 7 (February 1979):55-56.

3707. Bruce Margon; "The Missing Mass"; Mercury 4 (Jan. /February 1975):2-6.

3708. Thomas A. Mutch et al.; The Martian Landscape; (NASA-SP-425; 1979).

3709. "E Pluribus Unum"; Scientific American 240 (June, 1979): 93, 96.


3800. John Gribbin; "Why Does Earth's Climate Change?" Astronomy 6 (February 1978):18-23.

3801. Barry Parker; "Rival Cosmologies"; Astronomy 6 (March, 1978): 18-24.

3802. P. C. W. Davies; "Black Hole Thermodynamics and Time Asymmetry"; Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 177 (1976):179-190.

3803. "Center for UFO Studies Profiled"; Astronomy 6 (March, 1978): 66-67.

3804. "Astronomers Propose Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence"; Astronomy 6 (March, 1978): 69.

3805. Brian O'Leary; "Asteroid Mining"; Astronomy 6 (November 1978): 6-15.

3806. Herbert Frey; "Mars: A Planetary Paradox"; Astronomy 6 (November 1978):57-62.

3807. Thomas R. Schroeder; "Beyond Centauri"; Astronomy 6 (April 1978): 6-15.

3808. "Are Neutron Stars Shiny?" Astronomy 6 (November 1978): 64

3809. John Gribbin; "Gravity, Dust and Solar Neutrinos"; Astronomy 6 (June, 1978):48-55.


3900. Elliott C. Levinthal; "The Biological Exploration of Mars"; TRW Lecture Series 2 (1965):14-21.

3901. Jerry Grey, ed.; Space Manufacturing Facilities (Space Colonies); Proceedings of the Princeton /AIAA / NASA Conference, Princeton University, May 7-9, 1975; (AIAA, Inc., N. Y.; 1977).

3902. Patrick Moore; Can You Speak Venusian?

3903. William K. Hartmann; "Viking On Mars: Exciting Results"; Astronomy 5 (January 1977):6-24.

3904. Thomas A. Easton; "Life On Mars: Ambiguous Results"; Astronomy 5 (January 1977):26-33.

3905. "Soviet Reserves Position"; Astronomy 5 (January 1977): 56

3906. Michael J. S. Belton; "Uranus and Neptune"; Astronomy 5 (February 1977):6-17.

3907. Ray L. Newburn, Jr.; "Pluto"; Astronomy 5 (February 1977):18-24.

3908. "NASA Develops Mobile Lander For Unmanned Planetary Use"; Astronomy 5 (February 1977): 55, 56

3909. James Oberg; "Phobos and Deimos"; Astronomy 5 (March, 1977): 6-17.


4000. Robert A. Freitas Jr.; "Illegal Aliens"; OMNI 2 (November 1979): 84-86, 108-110.

4001. J. S. Hubbard; "The Pyrolytic Release Experiment: Measurement of Carbon Assimilation"; Origins of Life 7 (August 1976):281-292.

4002. Frank D. Drake; "The Radio Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life"; AP-S International Symposium 1976, Amherst, Mass., 11-15 October 1976 (New York, IEEE 1976): 202.

4003. R. E. Edelson, G. S. Levy; "The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence: Telecommunications Technology"; 1976 National Telecommunications Conference, Part I, Dallas, Texas, on November 29-Dec. 1, 1976 (IEEE, N. Y.; 1976), p. 1. 5/1-5.

4004. V. I. Luschikov; "Ultracold Neutrons"; International Conference On the Interactions of Neutrons with Nuclei, Part I, Lowell, Mass., 6-9 July 1976 (NTIS, Springfield, V. A.; 1976); pp. 117.

4005. Yu. Yu. Kosvintsev, Yu. A. Kushnir, V. I. Morosev; "The Storage of Ultracold Neutrons on the Horizontal Plane Supplied with Restrictive Walls"; Conference (#4004), Part II, p. 1374.

4006. M. S. Borczuch; "Extremal States of Matter in Astrophysics. III. The Crystalline State of Matter. Nuclear Crystals"; Postepy Astron. (Poland) 24 (September 1976):185-199. In Polish**

4007. K. T. Shah; "A Rigorous Approach to the Theory by Recami and Mignani for Tachyons"; Lett, Nuovo Cimento 18 (29 January 1977):156-160.

4008. J. D. Edmonds, Jr.; "A Simple Demonstration of How Controlled Creation and Absorption of Tachyons Violates Causality"; Report available from University of Bucknell, Lewisburg, PA (October, 1976).

4009. E. Recami; "How Tachyons Do Not Violate Causality: An Answer to Edmonds"; Report PP/506, Univ. Catania, Italy (November 1976).


4090. F. Galton; "Intelligible Signals Between Neighboring Stars"; Fortnightly Review (London) 66 (November 1896):657-664.

4091. A. V. Guillemin; "Communication With the Planets"; Popular Science 40 (January 1892):361-363.

4092. "That Prospective Communication With Another Planet"; Current Opinion 66 (March, 1919):170-171.

4093. Dorrit Hoffleit; 'Communication with Other Planets!" Sky & Telescope (March, 1950).

4094. Nikola Tesla; "Talking With the Planets"; Current Literature (March, 1901): 359.

4095. David Todd; "Radio Messages from Mars"; Literary Digest 82 (6 September 1924): 28 { #3876 }

4096. A. V. Szpilewski; "New Interpretation of Enigmatic Radio Echoes"; Urania (Poland) 46 (1975):108-116.

4097. N. Tesla; "Talking With the Planets"; Collier's Weekly (1901): 4-5.

4098. M. Subotowicz; "Neutrinos for Interstellar Communication"; Postepy Techniki Jadrowej 11 (1967):475-479. In Polish***

4099. M. Subotowicz; "On Interstellar Flight. III. Interstellar Communication by Use Electromagnetic and Neutrino Signals"; Astronautyka 10 (1967): 19-24. In Polish***

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