Monday, May 23, 2022
  Structure and Function of the Human Machine  
Introduction       From:fourth way® gurdjieff ouspensky school

The human machine has seven different functions.
Five ordinarily and two potential.

  • Four lower functions
    • Instinctive  • Moving  • Emotional  • Intellectual
  • (also known as: centers = brains = minds)
  • Sex centre
  • Potential connection with two higher centers
  • (soul & spirit)
Functions Overview

Each function:

  • is controlled by its own mind = brain = centre which develops independently.
  • has its own sphere of interest, memory, associations, thinking.
  • has a characteristic range of speeds of perception, observation, reaction.
  • is a motive force and also a receiving apparatus.
  • is a means or an instrument of knowledge.

Lower brains are in essence and develop independently of each other, personality fills the brains.

  • Structure, capacities, strengths, and defects of lower centers belong to essence.
  • Contents of centers belong to personality (rolls, records, tapes, diskettes, RAM, ROM).
  • Positive and negative parts in most lower brains (exceptions: emotional, sex).
  • Centers can work for each other: right work and wrong work.

To obtain a correct and permanent connection between the lower centers and the higher centers

  • Necessary to regulate lower centers to have right work.
  • Necessary to quicken speed of working of lower centers.

Each human being born with a dominant brain:

  • man number 1 = instinctive or moving man
  • man number 2 = emotional man
  • man number 3 = intellectual man)

Balanced brains indicate man number 4 = balanced man (only possible normally as result of school work)
 
Ordinarily, lower brains work independently and accidentally, connected mostly by accidental associations. Intentionally, and later, consciously, can learn to work together with will and effort.
 
Physical body divided into three stories: upper, middle, lower.

Each centre occupies whole physical body, with localization (centre of gravity) in specific area.

  • Instinctive centre and moving centre develop first; localization in spinal cord (lower story).
  • Emotional centre develops next; localization in solar plexus in chest (middle story).
  • Intellectual centre next to develop; localization in head (upper story).
  • Sex centre develops last, is conditioned by other lower centers; localization in lower abdomen (lower story).
  • Higher emotional centre and higher intellectual centre are potential only unless connection is developed with them and they are educated; localization in and around head and chest (upper story).

Subject of attention shows which centre is operating.

Each lower centre divided into three parts, degree of attention shows which part is operating.

  • Mechanical part (instinctive-moving principles) = little or no attention, attention wandering or absent.
  • Emotional part = attention without effort, attracted or repelled, held by subject.
  • Intellectual part = attention controlled and held on subject with will and effort.

Important to remember that in observing different functions it is useful to observe at the same time their relation to different states of consciousness (first, second, third, and fourth states).

Functions can exist without consciousness, and consciousness can exist without functions

The Instinctive Brain

  • Middle range of speed, same as moving brain.
  • About 30,000 times faster than intellectual brain.
  • Subject is sensations and sensory impressions.
  • Present in all animals.
  • Difficult at first to separate instinctive from emotional sensations/perceptions/impulses.
  • Physical body.
  • Operates on H24.
  • Dominant brain here = man number 1.
  • Fully functional when organism is born, but can be educated.

Mechanical part

  • Inner workings of body, heartbeat, breathing, repair and maintenance of organism's tissues and cells, digestion of food, peristalsis.

Emotional part

  • The 5 senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell).
  • Indifferent sensations (weight, temperature, size, pressure, wet/dry, hard/soft, smooth/rough).
  • Pleasant/unpleasant sensations (pain/pleasure, too hot/too cold).
  • `Mother love', instinctive love, animal rage, desire to kill.

Intellectual part

  • Mind behind the organism, immune system.
  • Cold omni directional awareness, evaluates potential danger to the organism (friend/foe/indifferent), and takes action to protect it.
  • Often mistaken for higher centers.
  • Cannot observe unless higher centers are present or approaching higher centers.
The Moving Brain

  • Middle range of speed, same as instinctive brain.
  • About 30,000 times faster than intellectual brain.
  • Subject is physical movement and relationships in space.
  • Present in most animals.
  • Negative half is no movement.
  • Physical body.
  • Operates on H24.
  • Dominant brain here = man number 1.
  • Must be educated.

Mechanical part

  • Automatic movements, imitations, limited adaptability and new movements, physical habits.

Emotional part

  • Pleasure of movement, dance; pleasure of sport should be here.

Intellectual part

  • Capacity for invention.
  • When combined with intellectual parts of emotional brain and intellectual brain can produce the best acting.
  • Imitation, at will, of another's gestures, voice, movements.
The Emotional Brain

  • Potentially the fastest range of speed, but usually operates at speed of instinctive-moving brain.
  • Potential speed is about 900,000,000 times faster than intellectual brain, about 30,000 times faster than instinctive/moving brains.
  • Subject is emotional perceptions and intuitions.
  • Organ of perception.
  • Present in human beings; mechanical part present in some animals.
  • No natural negative part; imitation negative part in personality.
  • Difficult at first to separate emotional perceptions/impulses from instinctive sensations/impulses.
  • Potential astral body.
  • Should operate on H12, usually operates on H24.
  • Dominant brain here = man number 2.
  • Must be educated.

Mechanical part

  • Mechanical expression of emotions, crowd emotions, cheap rough sense of the comical, love of excitement, spectacle, pageantry, sentimentality, animal emotions, cruelty.
  • Selfishness, cowardice, envy, jealousy.
  • Small personal emotions: likes/dislikes.
  • Small ordinary emotions, common social courtesies, nice/not nice.

Emotional part

  • Religious, moral, aesthetic emotions, which can lead to conscience.
  • Seat of conscience.
  • More intelligent sense of comic/humor.
  • With identification can be very ironical, sarcastic, derisive, obstinate, wicked/jealous, but in less primitive way than mechanical part.
  • Subject to extreme highs/lows, swing of the pendulum.

Intellectual part

  • Chief seat of magnetic centre.
  • Gateway to higher centers.
  • Seat of consciousness.
  • Power of artistic creation---when combined with intellectual parts of intellectual and instinctive moving brains---if not, then beautiful dreams only.
The Intellectual Brain

  • Slowest range of speed.
  • Subject is words and concepts.
  • Present only in human beings.
  • Operates on H48.
  • Dominant brain here = man number 3.
  • Must be educated.

Mechanical part (Formatory apparatus)

  • Mechanical, automatic reading and talking, repetition of words or phrases, cliches.
  • Opposite either/or thinking, can count to 2 only (yes/no, for/against, right/wrong, good/bad).
  • Idle curiosity, shrewdness, small plans.
  • Collects intellectual data.

Emotional part

  • Desire to know and understand, search for knowledge.
  • Desire for interesting information.

Intellectual part

  • Intellectual discovery.
  • Creative, constructive thought and discovery.
  • Negative part important in critical thought and discernment.
Sex Brain

  • Fastest speed in absence of emotional brain intellectual part operating.
  • Operates on H12 (Si12).
  • Subject is selecting mate of opposite sex for procreation of planetary body.
  • Present in most, perhaps all, beings.
  • Impossible to study until all 4 lower brains (instinctive brain, moving brain, emotional brain, intellectual brain) have been studied thoroughly and are known in detail.
  • Chief motive force for mechanicalness.
  • Must be educated.
Higher Emotional Center

  • Operates at speed of World 12 (H12).
  • Unified, no positive/negative part.
  • Soul.
  • Potential third body.
  • When present = man number 5.
  • Must be educated.
Higher Intellectual Center

  • Operates at speed of World 6 (H6).
  • Unified, no positive/negative part.
  • Spirit.
  • Potential fourth body.
  • When present = man 6.
  • When fully developed and crystallized correctly = man number 7 = immortality.
  • Must be educated
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